Luke and Jesus' Conception: A Case of Double Paternity?

Lincoln, Andrew T ORCID: 0000-0002-2334-7088 (2013) Luke and Jesus' Conception: A Case of Double Paternity? Journal of Biblical Literature, 132 (3). pp. 639-659.

Full text not available from this repository.


The presence of the notion of a virginal conception in Luke's annunciation story has sometimes been disputed. While arguing that this notion is indeed to be found there, this article also highlights material in Luke's writings that assumes another version of Jesus' paternity in which he is seen as the physical descendant of David through Joseph as his father. It explores possible tradition-historical explanations for the juxtaposition of these two perspectives before proposing that the inclusion of both would not have been seen as so awkward or inconsistent to Luke and his audience as it appears to present-day readers. The elision of any mention of the male progenitor in significant births was already a feature of the Jewish Scriptures, where only God and the female womb are emphasized. Luke takes this a stage further in the annunciation story, where the male parent is actually absent from the conception. This enables him to present two versions of Jesus' conception in line with the conventions of other ancient biographies that also contain two different accounts of their subject's origins, one natural with two human parents and one miraculous highlighting the subject's descent from the gods. Once this phenomenon of double paternity is recognized, it can be seen to play its part in a broader dialogical reading of Luke's Christology.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: REF2014 Submission
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Creative Arts
Research Priority Areas: Culture, Continuity, and Transformation
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 15:57
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 08:56

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.