Upland landscapes in Britain and the 1992 CAP reforms

Winter, Michael, Gaskell, Peter ORCID: 0000-0001-8830-5252 and Short, Christopher J ORCID: 0000-0003-0429-1143 (1998) Upland landscapes in Britain and the 1992 CAP reforms. Landscape Research, 23 (3). pp. 273-288. doi:10.1080/01426399808706545

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The impact of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) on the uplands of Great Britain is examined, with particular emphasis on open land characterized by large expanses of rough pasture and heath. Following much concern in the immediate post‐war period about the incomes of hill farmers, the paper outlines how the upland problem has been redefined in recent years as an environmental concern. The evolution of agricultural policy for the uplands is examined. In particular, the paper explores the impact of the 1992 reforms on upland management, drawing on a recent empirical study of the countryside impact of the CAP. It is shown that the environmental problem of overgrazing has not been seriously tackled by CAP reforms with extensification payments, cross‐compliance and agri‐environmental policies all too weak to tackle fully the underlying problem of high densities of sheep in the uplands. The problem is compounded by the decline of the beef sector in the hills. The paper concludes by speculating on the likely impact of the CAP reforms proposed under Agenda 2000 and suggests that the moves towards a new policy are encouraging but will need very careful drafting to ensure maximum environmental benefit.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > Countryside and Community Research Institute
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 15:34
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 21:31
URI: https://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/2305

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