Secular Identities: An Exploration of Secular Models in Islam

Cooke, Samantha ORCID: 0000-0001-7997-1747 (2021) Secular Identities: An Exploration of Secular Models in Islam. In: Abraham and the Secular: Fracture and Composition. Interreligious Studies in Theory and Practice . Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp. 195-220. ISBN 9783030730529

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Secular society remains a popular concept in the Western world, with the separation of religion and politics, or the state, often being associated with progress, democracy, and freedom. Whilst states like France have become strictly secular in their separation of religion from public life, others such as the US, which openly criticise religious states in other parts of the world, have retained this intertwined relationship. When examining state engagements with secularism, it becomes apparent that there is no uniform model, and more importantly, no universal definition. The degree to which states identify as ‘secular’ varies, thereby reinforcing the need to recognise how secularism was introduced to states, alongside their current position on the secular spectrum. Through an exploration of secular introductions and engagements in early twentieth-century Egypt and Iran, this chapter argues that, in order to understand engagements between secularism and the state, and/or the politics, how secularism occurred across states is key. To achieve this, the chapter proposes a framework exploring internal and external introductions of secularism, and with sub-divisions assisting with understandings and classifications of various secular typologies.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Sam Louden-Cooke
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2021 11:02
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2023 04:15

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