Weighing up the possibilities: Controlling translation by ubiquitylation and sumoylation

Watts, Felicity Z, Baldock, Robert A ORCID: 0000-0002-4649-2966, Jongjitwimol, Jirapas and Morley, Simon J (2014) Weighing up the possibilities: Controlling translation by ubiquitylation and sumoylation. Translation, 2 (2). e959366. doi:10.4161/2169074X.2014.959366

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Abstract

Regulation of protein synthesis is of fundamental importance to cells. It has a critical role in the control of gene expression, and consequently cell growth and proliferation. The importance of this control is supported by the fact that protein synthesis is frequently upregulated in tumor cells. The major point at which regulation occurs is the initiation stage. Initiation of translation involves the interaction of several proteins to form the eIF4F complex, the recognition of the mRNA by this complex, and the subsequent recruitment of the 40S ribosomal subunit to the mRNA. This results in the formation of the 48S complex that then scans the mRNA for the start codon, engages the methionyl-tRNA and eventually forms the mature 80S ribosome which is elongation-competent. Formation of the 48S complex is regulated by the availability of individual initiation factors and through specific protein-protein interactions. Both of these events can be regulated by post-translational modification by ubiquitin or Ubls (ubiquitin-like modifiers) such as SUMO or ISG15. We provide here a summary of translation initiation factors that are modified by ubiquitin or Ubls and, where they have been studied in detail, describe the role of these modifications and their effects on regulating protein synthesis.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Robbie Baldock
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2021 13:52
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 22:17
URI: https://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/9783

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