Prevalence and incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the UK population of Gloucestershire

Scanlon, Peter H ORCID: 0000-0001-8513-710X, Nevill, Clareece R., Stratton, I M, Maruti, Sonia S., Sivaprasad, Sobha, Massó-González, Elvira L., Bailey, Clare, Ehrlich, Michael and Chong, Victor (2021) Prevalence and incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the UK population of Gloucestershire. Acta Ophthalmologica. doi:10.1111/aos.14927 (In Press)

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Abstract

Purpose To estimate prevalence and incidence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a UK region by severity between 2012 and 2016 and risk factors for progression to proliferative DR (PDR). Methods Electronic medical records from people with diabetes (PWD) ≥18 years seen at the Gloucestershire Diabetic Eye Screening Programme (GDESP) and the hospital eye clinic were analysed (HEC). Prevalence and incidence of DR per 100 PWD (%) by calendar year, grade and diabetes type were estimated using log-linear regression. Progression to PDR and associated risk factors were estimated using parametric survival analyses. Results Across the study period, 35 873 PWD had at least one DR assessment. They were aged 66 (56–75) years (median (interquartile range)), 57% male, 5 (1–10) years since diabetes diagnosis, 93% Type 2 diabetes. Prevalence of DR decreased from 38.9% (95% CI: 38.1%, 39.8%) in 2012 to 36.6% (95% CI: 35.9%, 37.3%) in 2016 (p < 0.001). Incidence of any DR decreased from 10.9% (95% CI: 10.4%, 11.5%) in 2013 to 8.5% (95% CI: 8.1%, 9.0%) in 2016 (p < 0.001). Prevalence of PDR decreased from 3.5% (95% CI: 3.3%, 3.8%) in 2012 to 3.1% (95% CI 2.9%, 3.3%) in 2016 (p = 0.008). Incidence of PDR did not change over time. HbA1c and bilateral moderate–severe NPDR were statistically significant risk factors associated with progression to PDR. Conclusions Incidence and prevalence of DR decreased between 2012 and 2016 in this well-characterized population of the UK.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy; Gloucestershire, England
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA645.A-Z Individual diseases or groups of diseases, A-Z > RA645.D54 Diabetes
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 14:27
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2021 10:00
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/9770

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