Better reporting standards are needed to enhance the quality of hop testing in the setting of ACL return to sport decisions: a narrative review

Read, Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-1508-8602, McAuliffe, Sean, Wilson, Mathew G. and Myer, Gregory D (2021) Better reporting standards are needed to enhance the quality of hop testing in the setting of ACL return to sport decisions: a narrative review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55 (1). pp. 23-29. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2019-101245

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Background/aim There is a lack of consistency in return to sport (RTS) assessments, in particular hop tests to predict who will sustain a reinjury following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Inconsistent test battery content and methodological heterogeneity might contribute to variable associations between hop test performance and subsequent injury. Our aim was to investigate whether commonly used hop tests are administered in a consistent manner and in accordance with reported guidelines. Methods We conducted a narrative review of studies that examined whether hop testing could differentiate RTS pass rates, reinjury and rerupture in athletes after ACL reconstruction. Our specific focus was on the methodological procedures of hop testing as this component is widely used to evaluate patients’ function and readiness to RTS. Main findings Substantial variation exists in RTS hop test administration, scoring and interpretation. Authors often failed to report important details of methods such as warm up activities, randomisation, number of trials, rest periods and landing requirements. Conclusion We recommend researchers provide clearer descriptions of how hop tests are performed to increase standardisation and promote accurate data collection. Absence of reporting to describe test methods and using different test procedures makes it difficult to compare study findings.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sports injury; Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; Return to sport assessment; Hop testing; Reinjury
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2021 16:58
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 09:07

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