Comparison of group-based outpatient physiotherapy with usual care after total knee replacement: A feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial

Beswick, Andrew D., Blom, Ashley W., Artz, Neil ORCID: 0000-0003-1628-2439 and Dixon, Samantha (2017) Comparison of group-based outpatient physiotherapy with usual care after total knee replacement: A feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 31 (4). pp. 487-499. doi:10.1177/0269215516642503

Text (Peer Reviewed Version)
Artz (2017) Comparison-of-group-based-outpatient-physiotherapy-with-usual-are-after-total-knee-replacement-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (422kB) | Preview


Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial comparing group-based outpatient physiotherapy with usual care in patients following total knee replacement. Design: A feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial. Setting: One secondary-care hospital orthopaedic centre, Bristol, UK. Participants: A total of 46 participants undergoing primary total knee replacement. Interventions: The intervention group were offered six group-based exercise sessions after surgery. The usual care group received standard postoperative care. Participants were not blinded to group allocation. Outcome measures: Feasibility was assessed by recruitment, reasons for non-participation, attendance, and completion rates of study questionnaires that included the Lower Extremity Functional Scale and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. Results: Recruitment rate was 37%. Five patients withdrew or were no longer eligible to participate. Intervention attendance was high (73%) and 84% of group participants reported they were ‘very satisfied’ with the exercises. Return of study questionnaires at six months was lower in the usual care (75%) than in the intervention group (100%). Mean (standard deviation) Lower Extremity Functional Scale scores at six months were 45.0 (20.8) in the usual care and 57.8 (15.2) in the intervention groups. Conclusion: Recruitment and retention of participants in this feasibility study was good. Group-based physiotherapy was acceptable to participants. Questionnaire return rates were lower in the usual care group, but might be enhanced by telephone follow-up. The Lower Extremity Functional Scale had high responsiveness and completion rates. Using this outcome measure, 256 participants would be required in a full-scale randomized controlled trial.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Group-Based Exercise; Total Knee Replacement; Feasibility; Randomised Controlled Trial
Related URLs:
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical medicine. physical therapy including massage, exercise, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, phototherapy, radiotherapy, thermotherapy, electrotherapy
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Health and Social Care
Research Priority Areas: Society and Learning
Depositing User: Kate Greenaway
Date Deposited: 11 May 2020 11:19
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2022 16:16

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.