Identifying Hallmark Symptoms of Developmental Prosopagnosia for Non-Experts

Murray, Ebony ORCID: 0000-0003-4928-5871, Hills, Peter J, Bennetts, Rachel J and Bate, Sarah (2018) Identifying Hallmark Symptoms of Developmental Prosopagnosia for Non-Experts. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). Art. 1690. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20089-7

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Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is characterised by a severe and relatively selective deficit in face recognition, in the absence of neurological injury. Because public and professional awareness of DP is low, many adults and children are not identified for formal testing. This may partly result from the lack of appropriate screening tools that can be used by non-experts in either professional or personal settings. To address this issue, the current study sought to (a) explore when DP can first be detected in oneself and another, and (b) identify a list of the condition’s everyday behavioural manifestations. Questionnaires and interviews were administered to large samples of adult DPs, their unaffected significant others, and parents of children with the condition; and data were analysed using inductive content analysis. It was found that DPs have limited insight into their difficulties, with most only achieving realisation in adulthood. Nevertheless, the DPs’ reflections on their childhood experiences, together with the parental responses, revealed specific indicators that can potentially be used to spot the condition in early childhood. These everyday hallmark symptoms may aid the detection of individuals who would benefit from objective testing, in oneself (in adults) or another person (for both adults and children).

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human behaviour; Signs and symptoms; REF2021
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 11:31
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 09:04

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