Characterising citizenship: Race, criminalisation and the extension of internal Borders

Kapoor, Nisha and Narkowicz, Kasia ORCID: 0000-0003-3733-922X (2019) Characterising citizenship: Race, criminalisation and the extension of internal Borders. Sociology, 53 (4). pp. 652-670. doi:10.1177/0038038518820250

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Citizenship in the UK has in recent times been explicitly framed as a privilege not a right, granted selectively and withdrawn from some. There are several criteria that assist the government in distinguishing those deserving of British citizenship from those undeserving, one of the key being ‘character’. The 'bad character' criteria can apply for multiple reasons from inconsistencies in immigration paperwork to direct or indirect political associations with a range of disavowed political groups. Although not new, 'bad character' has become a principle reason for citizenship refusals in recent years, though has received little academic scrutiny. By bringing together quantitative and qualitative data on citizenship refusals, the paper maps the scale of this measure, outlining what it means and to whom it applies. It argues that the 'bad character' criteria operates as a racialised exclusionary mechanism that constitutes a new set of amorphous restrictions upon the lives of non-white denizens.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Citizenship; Citizenship refusal; Bad character; Racial exclusion; REF2021
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Kasia Narkowicz
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2018 15:27
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2023 15:29

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