Nonverbal behavior accompanying challenge and threat states under pressure

Brimmell, Jack, Parker, John K, Furley, Philip and Moore, Lee J (2018) Nonverbal behavior accompanying challenge and threat states under pressure. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 39. pp. 90-94. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.08.003

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Objectives This study examined if challenge and threat states predicted nonverbal behavior during a pressurized soccer penalty task. Design A predictive design was employed. Method Forty-two participants (Mage = 24 years, SD = 7) completed the task. Before the task, challenge and threat states were assessed via demand resource evaluations and cardiovascular reactivity. During the task, nonverbal behavior was recorded, and later used to rate participants on six scales: (1) submissive–dominant, (2) unconfident–confident, (3) on edge–composed, (4) unfocused–focused, (5) threatened–challenged, and (6) inaccurate–accurate. Results Participants who evaluated the task as a challenge (coping resources exceed task demands) were deemed more dominant, confident, composed, challenged, and competent from their nonverbal behavior than those who evaluated it as a threat (task demands exceed coping resources). Cardiovascular reactivity did not predict nonverbal behavior. Conclusions Athletes' challenge and threat evaluations might be associated with nonverbal behavior under high-pressure.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psychophysiology; Stress; Appraisal; Body language; Impression formation; Soccer penalty-kick
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2018 10:36
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 09:08

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