Social-ecological systems in the Anthropocene: The need for integrating social and biophysical records at regional scales

Dearing, John, Acma, B, Bub, S, Chambers, Frank M ORCID: 0000-0002-0998-2093, Chen, X, Cooper, J, Crook, D, Dong, X, Dotterweich, M, Edwards, M, Foster, T, Gaillard, M, Galop, D, Gell, P, Gil, A, Jeffers, E, Jones, R, Anupama, K, Langdon, P, Marchant, R, Mazier, F, McLean, C, Nunes, L, Sukumar, R, Suryaprakash, I, Umer, M, Yang, X, Wang, R and Zhang, K (2015) Social-ecological systems in the Anthropocene: The need for integrating social and biophysical records at regional scales. Anthropocene Review, 2 (3). pp. 220-246. doi:10.1177/2053019615579128

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Understanding social-ecological system dynamics is a major research priority for sustainable management of landscapes, ecosystems and resources. But the lack of multi-decadal records represents an important gap in information that hinders the development of the research agenda. Without improved information on the long-term and complex interactions between causal factors and responses, it will be difficult to answer key questions about trends, rates of change, tipping points, safe operating spaces and pre-impact conditions. Where available long-term monitored records are too short or lacking, palaeoenvironmental sciences may provide continuous multi-decadal records for an array of ecosystem states, processes and services. Combining these records with conventional sources of historical information from instrumental monitoring records, official statistics and enumerations, remote sensing, archival documents, cartography and archaeology produces an evolutionary framework for reconstructing integrated regional histories. We demonstrate the integrated approach with published case studies from Australia, China, Europe and North America.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complex systems science, ecosystem services, palaeoenvironmental records, social-ecological systems, sustainable management tipping points, Australia, China, Europe, North America
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Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2015 12:27
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 08:58

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