Muscle strength

De Ste Croix, Mark B ORCID: 0000-0001-9911-4355 (2017) Muscle strength. In: Oxford textbook of children's sport and exercise medicine. Oxford Textbooks . Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 89-104. ISBN 9780198757672

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Strength increases in boys and girls until about the age of 14 years where it begins to plateau in girls and a spurt is evident in boys. By 18 years there are few overlaps in strength between boys and girls. The exact age in which gender differences become apparent is both muscle group- and muscle action-specific. There are few well controlled longitudinal studies that have concurrently examined the influence of known variables using appropriate statistical techniques. Most studies have shown that maturation does not exert an independent effect when other factors, such as stature and body mass, are accounted for. Additionally, the assumption that muscle cross-sectional area is the most important parameter in strength production does not hold when examined with other known variables. Consistently, stature appears to play a key role in strength development and this may be attributed to changes in the muscle moment arm.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomechanical changes; Maturation; Muscle strength; Neuromuscular function; Tendon/limb stiffness; Torque kinetics
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ125 Physiology of children and adolescents > RJ131 Children Growth. Child development
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2023 12:40
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2023 12:41

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