Measuring and Localising Congestion in Mobile Broadband Networks

Mah Rukh, Fida ORCID: 0000-0001-7660-1150, Ocampo, Andres F and Elmokashfi, Ahmed (2022) Measuring and Localising Congestion in Mobile Broadband Networks. IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 19 (1). pp. 366-380. doi:10.1109/TNSM.2021.3115722

[img] Text (Peer Reviewed Version)
11376 Mah Rukh, Ocampo and Elmokashfi (2022) Measuring_and_Localising_Congestion_in_Mobile_Broadband_Networks.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License All Rights Reserved.

Download (1MB)


Mobile broadband networks, although increasingly popular, suffer large fluctuations in performance. Download speeds can drop by 50% or more during peak hours. Hence, understanding and dissecting the causes of these fluctuations is central to improving current and future networks. In this paper, we propose a congestion detection and localisation method, Q-TSLP, that combines and extends the two state-of-the-art congestion detection tools: Q-Probe and TSLP. Q-Probe monitors patterns in packet arrivals, while TSLP tracks shifts in RTT to detect bottleneck at different segments of an end-to-end path. QProbe can attribute congestion, at a very coarse level, to either radio or non-radio related. TSLP on the other hand cannot pinpoint radio related congestion. Q-TSLP provides a per-hop congestion attribution thus addressing these limitations. To this end, we build two small scale LTE testbeds and experiment with a series of congestion scenarios. These controlled experiments show that apart from correct congestion localisation to finer granularity, the detection accuracy improves significantly with Q-TSLP, up to 100% in some cases. We then run a three-month long measurement campaign of congestion over two commercial operators in Norway. Overall, we run 17 million tests from a large number of geographically distributed probes. We find that both operators suffer congestion at different parts of the network. Our findings indicate that apart from mobile radio access, a non-trivial fraction of cases is related to congested mobile operator and Internet paths beyond the mobile network core. These findings hint that operators may need significant infrastructure upgrades to cope with potential 5G traffic volumes.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bottleneck localisation; Congestion detection; Download speed; Latency; Mobile broadband network
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Business, Computing and Social Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Applied Business & Technology
Depositing User: Mah Rukh
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2022 12:35
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2023 12:09

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.