Epidemiology of injuries in male and female youth football players: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Robles-Palazón, Francisco, López-Valenciano, Alejandro, De Ste Croix, Mark B ORCID: 0000-0001-9911-4355, Oliver, Jon L., García-Gómez, A, Sainz de Baranda, Pilar and Ayala, Francisco (2022) Epidemiology of injuries in male and female youth football players: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 11 (6). pp. 681-695. doi:10.1016/j.jshs.2021.10.002

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Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological data of injuries in male and female youth football players. Methods: Searches were performed in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and SPORTDiscus databases. Studies were considered if they reported injury incidence rate among male and female youth (≤19 years) football players. Two reviewers extracted data and assessed trial quality using the STROBE statement and Newcastle Ottawa Scale. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach determined the quality of evidence. Studies were combined using a Poisson random effects regression model. Results: Forty-three studies were included. The overall incidence rate was 5.7 and 6.8 injuries/1000h in males and females, respectively. Match injury incidence (14.4 [males] and 15.0 [females] injuries/1000h) was significantly higher than training (2.8 [males] and 2.6 [females] injuries/1000h). The lower extremity had the highest incidence rates in both sexes. The most common types of injuries were muscle/tendon for males, and joint/ligament for females. Minimal injuries were the most common in both sexes. The incidence rate of injuries increased with advances in chronological age in males. Elite male players presented higher match injury incidence than sub-elite. In females, there was a paucity of data to compare across age groups and levels of play. Conclusion: The high injury incidence rates and sex differences identified for the most common location and type of injury reinforce the need for implementing different targeted injury risk mitigation strategies in male and female youth football players.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Soccer; Incidence; Severity; Young athletes; Muscle injuries
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV861 Ball games: Baseball, football, golf, etc.
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Education and Science
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2021 09:40
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 09:06
URI: https://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/10010

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