Clustering and the spatial distribution of organic farming in England and Wales

Ilbery, Brian W and Maye, Damian ORCID: 0000-0002-4459-6630 (2010) Clustering and the spatial distribution of organic farming in England and Wales. Area. ISSN 00040894

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Previous geographical research on organic farming suggests a process of aggregation at the regional scale and spatial clustering at the local level, the latter in response to a neighbourhood effect and different socio-cultural factors. However, little research has been conducted on the geographical distribution of organic farming in a UK context. Using both secondary and primary data, this paper examines geographical aspects of organic farming in England and Wales. At a regional scale, three major concentrations of organic production are found to the south and west of a line drawn between Bangor in north Wales and Brighton in south-east England (the Brighton-Bangor line). One of these concentrations occurs in the counties of East and West Sussex in south-east England. Yet, within these two counties the pattern of organic farming is quite random and there is little evidence of spatial clustering, a neighbourhood effect or the influence of socio-cultural factors. Instead, many of the farms have converted from conventional farming since 1990 and are driven by a strong economic imperative, which encourages the use of national as well as local outlets to both sell their produce and purchase necessary inputs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic farming; Spatial clustering; Location quotients; Whole chain analysis; England; Wales; East; West Sussex
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > Countryside and Community Research Institute
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Debi Jones-Davis
Date Deposited: 02 May 2014 14:48
Last Modified: 23 May 2016 14:08

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