Sweet Chestnut (Castanea Sativa Mill.) in Britain: Re-assessment of its Status as a Roman Archaeophyte

Jarman, Rob, Hazell, Z, Campbell, G, Webb, Julia C and Chambers, Frank M ORCID: 0000-0002-0998-2093 (2018) Sweet Chestnut (Castanea Sativa Mill.) in Britain: Re-assessment of its Status as a Roman Archaeophyte. Britannia. ISSN 0068-113X (In Press)

[img]
Preview
Text
6189 Chambers SWEET CHESTNUT (Castanea sativa Mill.) IN BRITAIN.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License All Rights Reserved.

Download (267kB) | Preview

Abstract

The Roman period sees the introduction of many new plants and animals into Britain, with a profound impact on people’s experience of their environment. Sweet chestnut is considered to be one such introduction, for which records of sweet chestnut wood and charcoal from archaeological excavations of Romano-British period contexts have been used as evidence. This paper reviews the records for sweet chestnut in Britain pre-A.D. 650, by critically evaluating original excavation reports and examining archived specimens. This review re-assesses the original identifications of sweet chestnut and/or their dating and concludes that most of the evidence that justified sweet chestnut’s status as a Roman archaeophyte is untenable. The review emphasises the importance of securely identifying and directly dating plant material and of long-term curation by museums and archives.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is currently in press and is due to be published in 2019.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sweet Chestnut Castanea Sativa; Oak Quercus spp.; Archaeophyte; Roman; Plant remains; Museum archives; Plant translocation
Subjects: A General Works > AM Museums (General). Collectors and collecting (General)
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2018 10:53
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 17:00
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/6189

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.