Judaean and Christ-Follower Identities: Grounds for a Distinction

Mason, Steve and Esler, Philip F (2017) Judaean and Christ-Follower Identities: Grounds for a Distinction. New Testament Studies, 63 (04). pp. 493-515. ISSN 0028-6885

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Abstract

In NTS 62.3 (July 2016) David Horrell argued that certain passages in 1 Corinthians 7 and 1 Peter 3 showed ‘ethnicising’ traits among the early Christians. He set this result against an alleged trend in scholarship that would distinguish and disparage a closed ethnic Judaism in relation to a new spiritual-universal Christianity. The present authors’ work was proffered as representative of this trend, even though no evidence was cited for such a connection and their work moves in a very different direction. Leaving aside Horrell's interpretation of the New Testament passages for reasons of space, this article takes up the larger question of Judaean and Christ-movement identities by reconsidering the position of Ioudaioi and Christ-followers in the early Roman Empire. Using different but convergent (social-scientific and historical-philological) methods, we find that ethnos-language was everywhere applied to the Judaeans, that this reflected normalcy and exchange with the world, and that Judaeans thus met the criteria of an ethnic group. Early Christians had no such recognised place. Their voluntary associations largely rejected ethnos- and polis-commitment or identity. Neither Judaean openness to the world nor Christian alienation supports the position that Horrell attributes to us.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ancient Judaism Christian origins ethnos ethnic group ethnicise voluntary association Paul Pliny the Younger Minucius Felix Tertullian Clement of Alexandria Celsus Porphyry Julian
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BM Judaism
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Liberal and Performance Arts > Religious, Philosophical and Historical Studies
Research Priority Areas: Being Human - Past, Present & Future
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2017 09:10
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2017 16:30
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/4956

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