An electromyographic evaluation of dual role breathing and upper body muscles in response to front crawl swimming

Lomax, M and Tasker, Louise and Bostanci, O (2015) An electromyographic evaluation of dual role breathing and upper body muscles in response to front crawl swimming. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 25 (5). e472-e478. ISSN 0905-7188

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Abstract

The upper body trunk musculature is key in supporting breathing, propulsion, and stabilization during front crawl swimming. The aim of this study was to determine if the latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, and serratus anterior contributed to the development of inspiratory muscle fatigue observed following front crawl swimming. Fourteen trained swimmers completed a 200-m front crawl swim at 90% of race pace. Maximal inspiratory and expiratory mouth pressures (PImax and PEmax) were assessed before (baseline) and after each swim, and electromyography was recorded from the three muscles. Post-swim PImax fell by 11% (P < 0.001, d = 0.57) and the median frequency (MDF: a measure of fatigue) of the latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, and serratus anterior fell to 90% (P = 0.001, d = 1.57), 87% (P = 0.001, r = −0.60) and 89% (P = 0.018, d = 1.04) of baseline, respectively. The fall in serratus anterior MDF was correlated with breathing frequency (r = 0.675, P = 0.008) and stroke rate (r = 0.639, P = 0.014). The results suggest that the occurrence of inspiratory muscle fatigue was partly caused by fatigue of these muscles, and that breathing frequency and stroke rate particularly affect the serratus anterior.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Median frequency;fatigue;inspiratory mouth pressure
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 11:08
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2016 13:25
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/3515

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