Influence of Pacing Strategy on Oxygen Uptake During Treadmill Middle-Distance Running

Sandals, Leigh E and Wood, D M and Draper, Stephen B and James, David V (2006) Influence of Pacing Strategy on Oxygen Uptake During Treadmill Middle-Distance Running. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 27 (1). pp. 37-42. ISSN 0172-4622

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Abstract

The oxygen uptake (V·O2) attained during a constant speed 800-m pace trial on a treadmill is less than the maximal V·O2 (V·O2max) in male middle-distance runners with a high V·O2max (i.e., > 65 ml · kg-1 · min-1). We therefore investigated whether the V·O2 attained was influenced by the pacing strategy adopted. Eight male middle-distance runners (age 25.8 ± 3.3 years; height 1.78 ± 0.10 m; mass 67.8 ± 4.7 kg) with a personal best 800-m time of 112.0 ± 3.3 s volunteered to participate. Subjects undertook a speed ramped progressive test to determine V·O2max and three 800-m pace runs to exhaustion all in a randomised order. The three 800-m pace runs included constant speed, acceleration, and race simulation runs. Oxygen uptake was determined throughout each test using 15-s Douglas bag collections. Following the application of a 30-s rolling average, the highest V·O2 during the progressive test (i.e., V·O2max) and the highest V·O2 during the 800-m pace runs (i.e., V·O2peak) were compared. For the eight runners, V·O2max was 67.2 ± 4.3 ml · kg-1 · min-1. V·O2peak was 60.1 ± 5.1 ml · kg-1 · min-1, 61.1 ± 5.2 ml · kg-1 · min-1, and 62.2 ± 4.9 ml · kg-1 · min-1, yielding values of 89.3 ± 2.4 %, 90.8 ± 2.8 %, and 92.5 ± 3.1 % V·O2max for the constant speed, acceleration and race simulation runs, respectively. Across runs, repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant effect (p = 0.048). Trend analysis identified a significant linear trend (p = 0.025) with the % V·O2max attained being higher for the acceleration run than the constant speed run, and higher still for the race simulation run. These results demonstrate that in middle-distance runners a) pacing strategy influences the V·O2 attained, with a race simulation run elevating the V·O2 attained compared with other pacing strategies, and b) regardless of pacing strategy the V·O2 attained in an 800-m pace run on a treadmill is less than V·O2max.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pacing, maximal oxygen uptake, middle-distance running
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Computing and Applied Sciences > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Matt Durant
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2014 10:35
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2016 17:27
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/984

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