Type of diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life in Nigeria: Ethnic and sex differences

David, Onyekachi Prince, Edgar, Graham K ORCID: 0000-0003-4302-7169, Catherwood, Dianne F and Taiwo, Abigail Olubola (2020) Type of diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life in Nigeria: Ethnic and sex differences. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 30 (6). pp. 529-534. doi:10.1080/14330237.2020.1842518

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Abstract

This study examined quality of life (QoL) differences among diabetic patients in Nigeria by ethnicity, sex, and type of diabetes. Out-patients (n = 486) with diabetes mellitus (Type I = 16%; female = 71%; Igbo = 25% Hausa = 22%, Yoruba = 32%, other = 21%; mean age = 43.3 years, SD = 11.5 years) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaire. A 4x2x2 (Ethnicity x Sex x Diabetes Type) analysis of variance showed no significant interactions but all main effects were significant. By sex, males had higher QoL scores compared to females with both Type II and Type I diabetes. The analysis by ethnicity showed that the Yoruba ethnic group reported the highest QoL followed by the Igbo and Hausa groups (which do not differ significantly from each other), with lowest QoL scores for other ethnic groups. Interventions for diabetes control should consider ethnic, sex, and diabetes type differences to optimise the QoL outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetic mellitus; Ethnicity; Quality of life; Sex
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA645.A-Z Individual diseases or groups of diseases, A-Z > RA645.D54 Diabetes
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Psychological Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2021 17:38
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 22:33
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/9266

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