Progressive resistance training for adolescents with cerebral palsy: the STAR randomized controlled trial

Ryan, Jennifer M, Lavelle, Grace, Theis, Nicola ORCID: 0000-0002-0775-1355, Noorkoiv, Marika, Kilbride, Cherry, Korff, Thomas, Baltzopoulos, Vasilios, Shortland, Adam and Levin, Wendy (2020) Progressive resistance training for adolescents with cerebral palsy: the STAR randomized controlled trial. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. doi:10.1111/dmcn.14601 (In Press)

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Abstract

Aim To evaluate the effect of progressive resistance training of the ankle plantarflexors on gait efficiency, activity, and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Method Sixty‐four adolescents (10–19y; 27 females, 37 males; Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] levels I–III) were randomized to 30 sessions of resistance training (10 supervised and 20 unsupervised home sessions) over 10 weeks or usual care. The primary outcome was gait efficiency indicated by net nondimensional oxygen cost (NNcost). Secondary outcomes included physical activity, gross motor function, participation, muscle strength, muscle and tendon size, and muscle and tendon stiffness. Analysis was intention‐to‐treat. Results Median attendance at the 10 supervised sessions was 80% (range 40–100%). There was no between‐group difference in NNcost at 10 (mean difference: 0.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] –0.07 to 0.11, p =0.696) or 22 weeks (mean difference: –0.08, 95% CI –0.18 to 0.03, p =0.158). There was also no evidence of between‐group differences in secondary outcomes at 10 or 22 weeks. There were 123 adverse events reported by 27 participants in the resistance training group. Interpretation We found that 10 supervised sessions and 20 home sessions of progressive resistance training of the ankle plantarflexors did not improve gait efficiency, muscle strength, activity, participation, or any biomechanical outcome among adolescents with CP.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry > RC346 Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ125 Physiology of children and adolescents
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical medicine. physical therapy including massage, exercise, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, phototherapy, radiotherapy, thermotherapy, electrotherapy
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2020 08:33
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2020 12:42
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/8517

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