Combined uphill and downhill sprint running training is more efficacious than horizontal

Paradisis, Giorgios P., Bissas, Athanassios ORCID: 0000-0002-7858-9623 and Cooke, Carlton B. (2009) Combined uphill and downhill sprint running training is more efficacious than horizontal. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 4 (2). pp. 229-243. doi:10.1123/ijspp.4.2.229

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Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the effects of sprint running training on sloping surfaces (3°) on selected kinematic and physiological variables. Methods: Fifty-four sport and physical education students were randomly allocated to one of two training groups (combined uphill–downhill [U+D] and horizontal (H)) and a control group (C). Pre- and post-training tests were performed to examine the effects of 8 wk of training on the maximum running speed (MRS), step rate, step length, step time, contact time, eccentric and concentric phase of contact time (EP, CP), flight time, selected posture characteristics of the step cycle, and 6-s maximal cycle sprint test. Results: MRS, step rate, contact time, and step time were improved significantly in a 35-m sprint test for the U+D group (P < .01) after training by 4.3%, 4.3%, −5.1%, and −3.9% respectively, whereas the H group showed smaller improvements, (1.7% (P < .05), 1.2% (P < .01), 1.7% (P < .01), and 1.2% (P < .01) respectively). There were no significant changes in the C group. The posture characteristics and the peak anaerobic power (AWT) performance did not change with training in any of the groups. Conclusion: The U+D training method was significantly more effective in improving MRS and the kinematic characteristics of sprint running than a traditional horizontal training method.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: Cite as: Paradisis, G. P., Bissas, A., and Cooke, C. B. (2009). Combined Uphill and Downhill Sprint Running Training Is More Efficacious Than Horizontal. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 4, 2, 229-243, available from: <https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.4.2.229>
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV0711 Coaching
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV1060 Track and field athletics
Q Science > QP Physiology > QP301.H75 Physiology. Sport
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Nassos Bissas
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2020 14:05
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2020 14:15
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/8387

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