A longitudinal investigation of muscle injuries in an elite Spanish male academy soccer club: a hamstring injuries approach

Raya-González, Javier, De Ste Croix, Mark B ORCID: 0000-0001-9911-4355, Read, Paul and Castillo, Daniel (2020) A longitudinal investigation of muscle injuries in an elite Spanish male academy soccer club: a hamstring injuries approach. Applied Sciences, 10 (5). p. 1610. ISSN 2076-3417

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to analyze the muscle injury incidence in an elite Spanish soccer academy during three consecutive seasons attending to different chronological age-groups (i.e., U14, U16, U19 and senior), and to examine the hamstring injury incidence in this elite soccer academy. 227 elite male youth soccer players participated in this study. A total of 207-time loss injuries (i.e., injuries that involve at least one absence day) were observed during this study period. The overall incidence rate of muscle injury was 1.74 muscle injuries/1000 h. In addition, higher muscle injury incidence was observed during match-play in comparison to training sessions (6.78 vs 3.20 muscle injuries/1000 h, P < 0.05). The oldest age-group presented the highest injury rate (2.73 muscle injuries/1000 h, P < 0.05), with the burden (i.e., number of absence days per 1000 hours of exposure) peak values recorded in the U16 age-group (26.45 absence days/1000 h). In addition, muscle tears accounted for the greatest percentage of muscle injuries (43.5%), and the most frequent anatomical site of injury was the hamstring (30.4%). Muscle tear was the most common type of hamstring injury (49.2%), with the biceps femoris the most commonly injured muscle of the hamstring complex (39.7%). Fullbacks (FB), wide midfielders (WM) and forwards (F) suffered a greater number of hamstring injuries. Hamstring injury incidence showed a seasonal variation as indicated by peaks in August and October. Specifically, the highest injury incidence was observed in the final part of each period during match-play. These results reinforce the necessity to implement individual preventive strategies according to each specific injury profile across the youth soccer development phase.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: Note: MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. This article belongs to the Special Issue Applied Biomechanics in Sport, Rehabilitation and Ergonomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: Injury & Prevention; Team-Sports; Health; Youth
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV861 Ball games: Baseball, football, golf, etc.
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Kate Greenaway
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2020 12:48
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2020 10:30
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/8183

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