Proteomic Analysis of Kveim Reagent Identifies Targets of Cellular Immunity in Sarcoidosis

Dieli, Francesco, Eberhardt, Christian, Thillai, Muhunthan, Parker, Robert, Siddiqui, Nazneen, Potiphar, Lee, Goldin, Rob, Timms, John F., Wells, Athol U., Kon, Onn M., Wickremasinghe, Melissa, Mitchell, Donald, Weeks, Mark E. and Lalvani, Ajit (2017) Proteomic Analysis of Kveim Reagent Identifies Targets of Cellular Immunity in Sarcoidosis. PLoS ONE, 12 (1). pp. 1-16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170285

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Abstract

Background Kveim-reagent (Kv) skin testing was a historical method of diagnosing sarcoidosis. Intradermal injection of treated sarcoidosis spleen tissue resulted in a granuloma response at injection site by 4–6 weeks. Previous work indicates proteins as the possible trigger of this reaction. We aimed to identify Kv-specific proteins and characterise the ex vivo response of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) from sarcoidosis, tuberculosis and healthy control patients when stimulated with both Kv and selected Kv-specific proteins. Methods Kv extracts were separated by 1D-SDS-PAGE and 2D-DIGE and then underwent mass spectrometric analysis for protein identification. Sarcoidosis and control PBMCs were first stimulated with Kv and then with three selected recombinant protein candidates which were identified from the proteomic analysis. PBMC secreted cytokines were subsequently measured by Multiplex Cytokine Assay. Results We observed significantly increased IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion from Kv-stimulated PBMCs of sarcoidosis patients vs. PBMCs from healthy volunteers (IFN-γ: 207.2 pg/mL vs. 3.86 pg/mL, p = 0.0018; TNF-α: 2375 pg/mL vs. 42.82 pg/mL, p = 0.0003). Through proteomic approaches we then identified 74 sarcoidosis tissue-specific proteins. Of these, 3 proteins (vimentin, tubulin and alpha-actinin-4) were identified using both 1D-SDS-PAGE and 2D-DIGE. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD005150. Increased cytokine secretion was subsequently observed with vimentin stimulation of sarcoidosis PBMCs vs. tuberculosis PBMCs (IFN-γ: 396.6 pg/mL vs 0.1 pg/mL, p = 0.0009; TNF-α: 1139 pg/mL vs 0.1 pg/mL, p<0.0001). This finding was also observed in vimentin stimulation of sarcoidosis PBMCs compared to PBMCs from healthy controls (IFN-γ: 396.6 pg/mL vs. 0.1 pg/mL, p = 0.014; TNF-α: 1139 pg/mL vs 42.29 pg/mL, p = 0.027). No difference was found in cytokine secretion between sarcoidosis and control PBMCs when stimulated with either tubulin or alpha-actinin-4. Conclusions Stimulation with both Kveim reagent and vimentin induces a specific pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion from sarcoidosis PBMCs. Further investigation of cellular immune responses to Kveim-specific proteins may identify novel biomarkers to assist the diagnosis of sarcoidosis.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sacroidosis; Sacroidosis spleen tissue; Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs); Kveim-reagent (Kv) skin testing
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Health and Social Care > Nursing
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Marta Kemp
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2020 12:49
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2020 15:48
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/8148

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