Evaluation of the impact of the CAP on generational renewal, local development and jobs in rural areas

Dwyer, Janet C ORCID: 0000-0002-2332-9832, Micha, Evgenia ORCID: 0000-0002-5697-3317, Kubinakova, Katarina ORCID: 0000-0001-9246-7473, Van Bunnen, Patrick, Schuh, Bernd, Maucorps, Ambre and Mantino, Francesco (2019) Evaluation of the impact of the CAP on generational renewal, local development and jobs in rural areas. Technical Report. European Commission.

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Abstract

Strengthening the socio-economic fabric of rural areas is a key CAP objective, including generational renewal (GR). This evaluation assessed how the current CAP affects GR in rural Europe, also local development and jobs. It examined Young Farmer (YF) and other CAP measures aiming to attract young people to farm, live and work in rural areas. Methods included literature review, EU survey, interviews and workshops, data analysis using correlation, multicriteria, comparative econometric and CGE modelling, and case studies in seven contrasting Member States (MS). It concluded CAP GR measures have a positive impact on YF numbers, business performance and local employment, varying from very minor to significant according to local context. For Pillar 2 aids, impacts and causes are clear, but it is too early to judge Pillar 1 YF supplements. Aids are most effective and efficient delivered in mixedmeasure packages combining planning, investment, collaboration and advice, and conditional on beneficiary training. Impact is enhanced where institutional and fiscal policies ease access to land and capital. In very marginal areas, aid for rural diversification and services is also vital. The study recommended a more holistic, flexible and strategic approach to GR in the future CAP, also increased MS emphasis upon new entrants, innovation and rural quality of life provision.

Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
Additional Information: ISBN 978-92-76-09261-2
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
J Political Science > J General legislative and executive papers
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > Countryside and Community Research Institute
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Bethany Leake
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2019 13:01
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 13:01
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/7547

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