Knee angle affects posterior chain muscle activation during an isometric test used in soccer players

Read, Paul J, Turner, Anthony, Clarke, Richard, Applebee, Samuel and Hughes, Jonathan (2019) Knee angle affects posterior chain muscle activation during an isometric test used in soccer players. Sports, 7 (13). ISSN 2075-4663

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that altering the knee flexion angle during a commonly used supine isometric strength test developed with professional soccer players changes preferential hamstring muscle recruitment. The aim of this study was to examine the electromyography (EMG) knee joint-angle relationship during this test as these data are currently unknown. METHODS: 10 recreational male soccer athletes (age: 28 ± 2.4 years) were recruited and performed a supine isometric strength test on their dominant leg with the knee placed at two pre-selected flexion angles (30° and 90°). Surface EMG of the gluteus maximus; biceps femoris; semitendinosus; and medial gastrocnemius was measured, in addition to the . within-session reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV)). RESULTS: Within-session reliability showed large variation dependent upon the test position and muscle measured (CV% = 8.8 – 36.1) Absolute mean EMG activity and percentage of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) indicated different magnitudes of activation between the two test positions; however, significant mean differences were present for the biceps femoris only , with greater activation recorded at the 30º knee angle ((% MVIC: 31 ± 9 vs. 22 ± 7; p = 0.002). These differences (30% mean difference) were greater than the observed typical measurement error (CV% = 13.1 – 14.3 for the 90° and 30° test positions respectively). Furthermore, percentage MVIC showed a trend of heightened muscle activation of all muscles with the knee positioned at 30º but there was also more within subject variation and this was more pronounced for the gluteus maximus (CV% = 36.1 vs. 19.8) and medial gastrocnemius (CV% 31 vs. 22.6). CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that biceps femoris and overall posterior chain muscle activation is increased with the knee positioned at 30º of flexion; however, the 90° angle displayed less variation in performance within individual participants, especially in the gluteus maximus and medial gastrocnemius. T thus, practitioners using this test to assess hamstring muscle strength should ensure appropriate familiarization is afforded and and then may wish to prioritize theis 30° knee position.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hamstring; Strength test; Muscle activation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV0711 Coaching
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV861 Ball games: Baseball, football, golf, etc.
Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QP Physiology > QP301.H75 Physiology. Sport
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Jonathan Hughes
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 17:18
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 16:45
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/6374

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