Pulmonary rehabilitation programme for patients undergoing curative lung cancer surgery

Bradley, Amy, Marshall, Andrea, Stonehewer, Louisa, Reaper, Lynn, Parker, Kim, Bevan-Smith, Elaine ORCID: 0000-0002-9636-5367, Jordan, Chris, Gillies, James, Agostini, Paula, Bishay, Ehab, Kalkat, Maninder, Steyn, Richard, Rajesh, Pala, Dunn, Janet and Naidu, Babu (2013) Pulmonary rehabilitation programme for patients undergoing curative lung cancer surgery. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 44 (4). e266-e271. ISSN 1010-7940

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to develop a multistranded pragmatic rehabilitation programme for operable lung cancer patients, that looks into feasibility, process indicators, outcome measures, local adaptability, compliance and potential cost benefit. METHODS An outpatient-based complex intervention, rehabilitation for operated lung cancer (ROC) programme, was developed to optimize physical status, prepare for the inpatient journey and support through recovery after surgery. It includes exercise classes, smoking cessation, dietary advice and patient education and was tested in an enriched cohort study within a regional thoracic unit over 18 months. RESULTS A multistranded pragmatic rehabilitation programme pre- and post-surgery is feasible. Fifty-eight patients received the intervention and 305 received standard care. Both groups were matched for age, lung function comorbidity and type of surgery. Patients in the intervention group attended exercise classes twice a week until surgery, which was not delayed. Patients attended four sessions presurgery (range 1–15), resulting in an improvement of 20 m (range −73–195, P = 0.001) in a 6-min walk test and 0.66 l in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (range −1.85 from 1.11, P = 0.009) from baseline to presurgery. Fifty-four percentage of smokers in the intervention group stopped smoking. Sixteen percentage of patients were identified as being at risk of malnourishment and received nutritional intervention. There was a trend in patients in the intervention group towards experiencing fewer postoperative pulmonary complications than those in the non-intervention group (9 vs 16%, respectively, P = 0.21) and fewer readmissions to hospital because of complications (5 vs 14% respectively, P = 0.12). CONCLUSION Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-type pulmonary rehabilitation before and after lung cancer surgery is viable, and preliminary results suggest improvement in physical measures. A multicentre, randomized controlled trial is warranted to confirm clinical efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery following peer review. The version of record Bradley, Amy, Marshall, Andrea, Stonehewer, Louisa, Reaper, Lynn, Parker, Kim, Bevan-Smith, Elaine, Jordan, Chris, Gillies, James, Agostini, Paula, Bishay, Ehab, Kalkat, Maninder, Steyn, Richard, Rajesh, Pala, Dunn, Janet and Naidu, Babu (2013) Pulmonary rehabilitation programme for patients undergoing curative lung cancer surgery. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 44 (4). e266-e271 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/ejcts/article/44/4/e266/573594 doi:10.1093/ejcts/ezt381.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung cancer; Pulmonary rehabilitation; Postoperative pulmonary complications; Thoracic surgery
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical medicine. physical therapy including massage, exercise, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, phototherapy, radiotherapy, thermotherapy, electrotherapy
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Health and Social Care > Nursing
Research Priority Areas: Learning and Professional Contexts
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 15:32
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2018 02:19
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/6172

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