Efficacy of Injury Prevention Training Is Greater for High-Risk vs Low-Risk Elite Female Youth Soccer Players

De Ste Croix, Mark B ORCID: 0000-0001-9911-4355, Hughes, Jonathan, Ayala, Francisco, Taylor, Luke and Datson, Naomi (2018) Efficacy of Injury Prevention Training Is Greater for High-Risk vs Low-Risk Elite Female Youth Soccer Players. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 46 (13). pp. 3271-3280. ISSN 0363-5465

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of robustness training for high- versus low-risk individuals within high-risk groups is currently unknown. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of robustness training on injury risk factors among female youth soccer players and to examine if high-risk athletes are greater responders to such training. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A total of 125 elite youth female soccer players on the English FA talent pathway were randomly selected into a training group (n = 71) or a control group (n = 54). Relative leg stiffness, 2-dimensional knee valgus and knee flexion range of motion from a single-legged countermovement jump, and probability of high knee abduction moment (pKAM) risk were all determined before and after a 16-week robustness training program. For further analysis, participants in the training group were split into groups based on risk: high risk (pKAM >0.80, n = 33) and low risk (pKAM <0.55, n = 33). Magnitude-based inferences were used to explore differences between the control and intervention groups and the high- and low-risk groups. RESULTS: Magnitude-based inferences demonstrated significant beneficial effects in the training group for knee valgus, pKAM, and leg stiffness as compared with the control group. The control group demonstrated possible worthwhile differences in knee flexion range of motion as compared with the intervention group. The high-risk group demonstrated likely/very likely worthwhile differences versus the low-risk group for all parameters. CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Robustness training induces significant beneficial improvements in injury risk factors among female youth soccer players. The beneficial effects of this multidimensional program are greater for those classified as high risk.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518795677
Uncontrolled Keywords: Female; Injury risk; Robustness training; Youth
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV861 Ball games: Baseball, football, golf, etc.
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Kate Greenaway
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2018 10:13
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2018 01:53
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/6003

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