Testing the potential of Twitter mining methods for data acquisition: Evaluating novel opportunities for ecological research in multiple taxa

Hart, Adam G ORCID: 0000-0002-4795-9986, Carpenter, William S., Hlustik-Smith, Estelle, Reed, Matt ORCID: 0000-0003-1105-9625, Goodenough, Anne E ORCID: 0000-0002-7662-6670 and Ellison, Aaron (2018) Testing the potential of Twitter mining methods for data acquisition: Evaluating novel opportunities for ecological research in multiple taxa. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. ISSN 2041-210X (In Press)

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Abstract

Social media provides unique opportunities for data collection. Retrospective analysis of social media posts has been used in seismology, political science and public risk perception studies but has not been used extensively in ecological research. There is currently no assessment of whether such data are valid and robust in ecological contexts. We used “Twitter mining” methods to search Twitter (a microblogging site) for terms relevant to three nationwide UK ecological phenomena: winged ant emergence; autumnal house spider sightings; and starling murmurations. To determine the extent to which Twitter‐mined data were reliable and suitable for answering specific ecological questions the data so gathered were analysed and the results directly compared to the findings of three published studies based on primary data collected by citizen scientists during the same time period. Twitter‐mined data proved robust for quantifying temporal ecological patterns. There was striking similarity in the temporal patterns of winged ant emergence between previously published work and our analysis of Twitter‐mined data at national scales; this was also the case for house spider sightings. Spatial data were less available but analysis of Twitter‐mined data was able to replicate most spatial findings from all three studies. Baseline ecological findings, such as the sex ratio of house spider sightings, could also be replicated. Where Twitter mining was less successful was answering specific questions and testing hypotheses. Thus, we were unable to determine the influence of microhabitat on winged ants or test predation and weather hypotheses for initiation of murmuration behaviour. Twitter mining clearly has great potential to generate spatiotemporal ecological data and to answer specific ecological questions. However, we found that the types and usefulness of data differed substantially between the three phenomena. Consequently, we suggest that understanding users' behaviour when posting on ecological topics would be useful if using social media is to generate ecological data.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hart, A. et al. (2018) 'Testing the potential of Twitter mining methods for data acquisition: evaluating novel opportunities for ecological research in multiple taxa', Methods in Ecology and Evolution 00, pp.1-12 which has been published in final form at https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/2041-210X.13063. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spiders: Phenology; Social media; Spatial ecology; Starling mumurations; Twitter mining; Winged ants
Related records:
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Q Science > QL Zoology > QL605 Chordates. Vertebrates > QL671-699 Birds
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 13:45
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2018 21:42
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/5961

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