An 8000-year multi-proxy peat-based palaeoclimate record from Newfoundland: evidence of coherent changes in bog surface wetness and ocean circulation

Blundell, A. and Hughes, P. and Chambers, Frank M (2017) An 8000-year multi-proxy peat-based palaeoclimate record from Newfoundland: evidence of coherent changes in bog surface wetness and ocean circulation. Holocene. ISSN 0959-6836 (In Press)

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Abstract

Energy carried by warm tropical water, transported via the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), plays a vital role in regulating the climate of regions bordering the North Atlantic Ocean. Previous phases of elevated freshwater input to areas of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) production in the early to mid-Holocene have been linked with slow-downs in the AMOC and changes in regional climate. Newfoundland’s proximity in the North Atlantic region to the confluence of the Gulf Stream and the Labrador Current and to an area of NADW production in the Labrador Sea makes it an ideal testing ground to investigate the influence of past fluctuations in ocean circulation on terrestrial ecosystems. We use multi-proxy peat-based records from the east coast of Newfoundland to derive a proxy-climate signal for the last 8000 years, which we have compared with changes in ocean circulation. Prominent shifts towards near-surface bog water table levels, reflecting cooler/wetter climatic conditions, are evident in the early-mid Holocene c. 7830, 7500, 7220 and 6600 cal. BP with minor changes occurring c. 6340, and 6110 cal. BP. These events are coherent with evidence of meltwater injections into the N. Atlantic and of reduced NADW production. More recent increases in bog surface wetness in the mid-late Holocene c. 4290 and c. 2610 cal. BP are also consistent with reported periods of reduced NADW production. Coherence between the bog-derived palaeoclimate record developed from Newfoundland and evidence of fluctuations in ocean current strength is apparent in the early mid-Holocene.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: For non-commercial use only.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peatland; Newfoundland; Palaeoclimate; Holocene; Testate amoebae; Hydrology; Macrofossils
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Rhiannon Jones
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2017 16:08
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 06:10
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/5117

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