The effects of arousal reappraisal on stress responses, performance and attention

Sammy, Nadine and Anstiss, Paul A. and Moore, Lee J and Freeman, Paul and Wilson, Mark R. and Vine, Samuel J. (2017) The effects of arousal reappraisal on stress responses, performance and attention. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 30 (6). pp. 619-629. ISSN 1061-5806 (In Press)

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Abstract

This study examined the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention under pressurized conditions. A recent study by Moore et al. [2015. Reappraising threat: How to optimize performance under pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 37(3), 339–343. doi:10.1123/jsep.2014-0186] suggested that arousal reappraisal is beneficial to the promotion of challenge states and leads to improvements in single-trial performance. This study aimed to further the work of Moore and colleagues (2015) by examining the effects of arousal reappraisal on cardiovascular responses, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, performance and attention in a multi-trial pressurized performance situation. Participants were randomly assigned to either an arousal reappraisal intervention or control condition, and completed a pressurized dart throwing task. The intervention encouraged participants to view their physiological arousal as facilitative rather than debilitative to performance. Measures of cardiovascular reactivity, demand and resource evaluations, self-confidence, task performance and attention were recorded. The reappraisal group displayed more favorable cardiovascular reactivity and reported higher resource evaluations and higher self-confidence than the control group but no task performance or attention effects were detected. These findings demonstrate the strength of arousal reappraisal in promoting adaptive stress responses, perceptions of resources and self-confidence.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Challenge; Threat, Psychophysiology, Cardiovascular, Attention
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 30 May 2017 10:27
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 08:20
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/4661

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