Absolute Reliability of Hamstring to Quadriceps Strength Imbalance Ratios Calculated Using Peak Torque, Joint Angle-Specific Torque and Joint ROM-Specific Torque Values

Ayala, F., De Ste Croix, Mark B ORCID: 0000-0001-9911-4355, Sainz de Baranda, P. and Santonja, F. (2012) Absolute Reliability of Hamstring to Quadriceps Strength Imbalance Ratios Calculated Using Peak Torque, Joint Angle-Specific Torque and Joint ROM-Specific Torque Values. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 (11). pp. 909-916. ISSN 1439-3964

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Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to determine the absolute reliability of conventional (H/Q(CONV)) and functional (H/Q(FUNC)) hamstring to quadriceps strength imbalance ratios calculated using peak torque values, 3 different joint angle-specific torque values (10°, 20° and 30° of knee flexion) and 4 different joint ROM-specific average torque values (0-10°, 11-20°, 21-30° and 0-30° of knee flexion) adopting a prone position in recreational athletes. A total of 50 recreational athletes completed the study. H/Q(CONV) and H/Q(FUNC) ratios were recorded at 3 different angular velocities (60, 180 and 240°/s) on 3 different occasions with a 72-96 h rest interval between consecutive testing sessions. Absolute reliability was examined through typical percentage error (CVTE), percentage change in the mean (CM) and intraclass correlations (ICC) as well as their respective confidence limits. H/Q(CONV) and H/Q(FUNC) ratios calculated using peak torque values showed moderate reliability values, with CM scores lower than 2.5%, CV(TE) values ranging from 16 to 20% and ICC values ranging from 0.3 to 0.7. However, poor absolute reliability scores were shown for H/Q(CONV) and H/Q(FUNC) ratios calculated using joint angle-specific torque values and joint ROM-specific average torque values, especially for H/Q(FUNC) ratios (CM: 1-23%; CV(TE): 22-94%; ICC: 0.1-0.7). Therefore, the present study suggests that the CV(TE) values reported for H/Q(CONV) and H/Q(FUNC) (≈18%) calculated using peak torque values may be sensitive enough to detect large changes usually observed after rehabilitation programmes but not acceptable to examine the effect of preventative training programmes in healthy individuals. The clinical reliability of hamstring to quadriceps strength ratios calculated using joint angle-specific torque values and joint ROM-specific average torque values are questioned and should be re-evaluated in future research studies.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport and Exercise > Applied Sport & Exercise Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
SWORD Depositor: Ivor Dummy
Depositing User: Ivor Dummy
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2017 13:54
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2019 14:41
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/4655

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