The Effect of an Acute Bout of Resistance Exercise on Carotid Artery Strain and Strain Rate

Black, Jane M and Stohr, Eric J and Stone, Keeron J and Pugh, Christopher H (2016) The Effect of an Acute Bout of Resistance Exercise on Carotid Artery Strain and Strain Rate. Physiological Reports, 4 (17). pp. 1-11. ISSN 2051-817X

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Abstract

Arterial wall mechanics likely play an integral role in arterial responses to acute physiological stress. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the impact of low and moderate intensity double-leg press exercise on common carotid artery (CCA) wall mechanics using 2D vascular strain imaging. Short-axis CCA ultrasound images were collected in 15 healthy men (age: 21 ± 3 years; height: 176.5 ± 6.2 cm; body mass; 80.6 ± 15.3 kg) before, during, and immediately after short-duration isometric double-leg press exercise at 30% and 60% of participants’ one-repetition maximum (1RM: 317 ± 72 kg). Images were analyzed for peak circumferential strain (PCS), peak systolic and diastolic strain rate (S-SR and D-SR) and arterial diameter. Heart rate (HR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were simultaneously assessed and arterial stiffness indices were calculated post hoc. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed that during isometric contraction, PCS and S-SR decreased significantly (P < 0.01) before increasing significantly above resting levels post-exercise (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 respectively). Conversely, D-SR was unaltered throughout the protocol (P = 0.25). No significant differences were observed between the 30% and 60% 1RM trials. Multiple regression analysis highlighted that HR, BP and arterial diameter did not fully explain the total variance in PCS, S-SR and D-SR. Acute double-leg press exercise is therefore associated with similar transient changes in CCA wall mechanics at low and moderate intensities. CCA wall mechanics likely provide additional insight into localized intrinsic vascular wall properties beyond current measures of arterial stiffness.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Circumferential Strain, Strain Rate, Arterial Stiffness, Hemodynamics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2016 16:38
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 05:29
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/4142

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