Effects of long-term training cessation in young top-level road cyclists

Monaldo-Martin, Sara and Cámara, Jesús and James, David V and Fernández-López, Juan Ramón and Artetxe-Gezuraga, Xabier (2017) Effects of long-term training cessation in young top-level road cyclists. Journal of Sports Sciences, 35 (14). pp. 1396-1401. ISSN 0264-0414

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Abstract

In cycling it is common practice to have a break in the off-season longer than four weeks whilst adopting an almost sedentary lifestyle, and such a break is considered to be long-term detraining. No previous studies have assessed the effect of training cessation with highly-trained young cyclists. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine effects of five weeks of training cessation in 10 young (20.1±1.4yr) male road cyclists for body composition, haematological, and physiological parameters. After training cessation body mass of cyclists increased (P=0.014; ES=0.9). (L·min-1=-8.8±5.0%, mL·kg-1·min-1=-10.8±4.2%,), Wmax (W=-6.5±3.1%, W·kg-1=-8.5±3.3%,), WLT1 (W=-12.9±7.0%, W·kg-1=-14.8±7.4%,), WLT2 (W=-11.5±7.0%, W·kg-1=-13.4±7.6%,) and haematological (red blood cells count, -6.6±4.8%; Haemoglobin, -5.4±4.3% and Haematocrit, -2.9±3.0%) values decreased (P ≤0.028; ES ≥0.9). Five weeks of training cessation resulted in large decreases in physiological and haematological values in young top-level road cyclists suggesting the need for a shorter training stoppage. This long-term detraining is more pronounced when expressed relative to body mass emphasizing the influence of such body mass on power output. A maintenance program based on reduced training strategies should be implemented to avoid large declines in physiological values in young cyclists who aspire to become professionals.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Sports Sciences on 1st July 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2016.1215502
Uncontrolled Keywords: Detraining consequences, submaximal variables, body mass, athletic performance
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV1040 Cycling. Bicycling. Motorcycling
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2016 11:57
Last Modified: 29 May 2017 23:29
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/3765

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