Oxygen Uptake During Moderate Intensity Running: Response Following a Single Bout of Interval Training

James, David V and Doust, Jonathan H (1998) Oxygen Uptake During Moderate Intensity Running: Response Following a Single Bout of Interval Training. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 77 (6). pp. 551-555. ISSN 1439-6319

[img]
Preview
Text
James 1998.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (114kB) | Preview

Abstract

Eight male endurance runners [mean +/- (SD): age 25 (6) years; height 1.79 (0.06) m; body mass 70.5 (6.0) kg; % body fat 12.5 (3.2); maximal oxygen consumption ((V) over dot O-2max 62.9 (1.7) ml . kg(-1) . min(-1)] performed an interval training session, preceded immediately by test 1, followed after 1 h by test 2, and after 72 h by test 3. The training session was six 800-m intervals at 1 km . h(-1) below the velocity achieved at (V) over dot O-2max with 3 min of recovery between each interval. Tests 1, 2 and 3 were identical, and included collection of expired gas, measurement of ventilatory frequency (f(v)), heart rate (f(c)), rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and blood lactate concentration ([La-](B)) during the final 5 min of 15 min of running at 50% of the velocity achieved at (V) over dot O-2max (50% v-(V) over dot O-2max). Oxygen uptake ((V) over dot O-2), ventilation ((V) over dot(E)), and respiratory exchange ratio (R) were subsequently determined from duplicate expired gas collections. Body mass and plasma volume changes were measured preceding and immediately following the training session, and before tests 1-3. Subjects ingested water immediately following the training session, the volume of which was determined from the loss of body mass during the session. Repeated measures analysis of variance with multiple comparison (Tukey) was used to test differences between results. No significant differences in body mass or plasma volume existed between the three test stages, indicating that the differences recorded for the measured parameters could not be attributed to changes in body mass or plasma volume between tests, and that rehydration after the interval training session was successful. A significant (P < 0.05) increase was found from test 1 to test 2 [mean (SD)] for (V) over dot O-2 [2.128 (0.147) to 2.200 (0.140) l . min(-1)], f(c) [125 (17) to 132 (16) beats . min(-1)], and RPE [9 (2) to 11 (2)]. A significant (P < 0.05) decrease was found for submaximal R [0.89 (0.03) to 0.85 (0.04)]. These results suggest that alterations in (V) over dot O-2 during moderate-intensity, constant-velocity running do occur following heavy-intensity endurance running training, and that this is due to factors in addition to changed substrate metabolism towards greater fat utilisation, which could explain only 31% of the increase in (V) over dot O-2.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Running, Fatigue, Oxygen uptake
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV1060 Track and field athletics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Computing and Applied Sciences > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: David James
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2014 19:49
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2016 23:07
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/373

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.