Motor Learning Induces Plasticity in the Resting Brain—Drumming Up a Connection

Amad, Ali and Seidman, Jade and Draper, Stephen B and Bruchhage, Muriel M K and Lowry, Ruth G and Wheeler, James and Robertson, Andrew and Williams, Steven C R and Smith, Marcus S (2017) Motor Learning Induces Plasticity in the Resting Brain—Drumming Up a Connection. Cerebral Cortex, 27 (3). pp. 2010-2023. ISSN 1047-3211

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Abstract

Neuroimaging methods have recently been used to investigate plasticity-induced changes in brain structure. However, little is known about the dynamic interactions between different brain regions after extensive coordinated motor learning such as drumming. In this paper we have compared the resting state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in 15 novice healthy participants before and after a course of drumming (30-minute drumming sessions, 3 days a week for 8 weeks) and 16 age matched novice comparison participants. To identify brain regions showing significant FC differences before and after drumming, without a priori regions of interest, a multivariate pattern analysis was performed. Drum training was associated with an increased FC between the posterior part of bilateral superior temporal gyri (pSTG) and the rest of the brain (i.e. all other voxels). These regions were then used to perform seed-to-voxel analysis. The pSTG presented an increased FC with the premotor and motor regions, the right parietal lobe and a decreased FC with the cerebellum. Perspectives and the potential for rehabilitation treatments with exercise-based intervention to overcome impairments due to brain diseases are also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: pp. 2010-2023., is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhw048
Uncontrolled Keywords: fMRI, learning, music, neuroplasticity, resting-state
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA407 Health status indicators.
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 09 May 2016 09:39
Last Modified: 16 May 2017 21:35
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/3456

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