A visual method to identify significant latitudinal changes in species' distributions

Stafford, Richard and Hart, Adam G and Goodenough, Anne E (2013) A visual method to identify significant latitudinal changes in species' distributions. Ecological Informatics, 15. pp. 74-84. ISSN 15749541

[img]
Preview
Text
A visual method to identify significant latitudinal changes in species' distributions.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 3.0.

Download (467kB) | Preview

Abstract

Many studies have shown recent climate-induced changes in species distributions (e.g. poleward range shifts); however, currently there is no standardised method of determining whether these changes are statistically significant over time. Furthermore, presence-only or unequal sample effort data, commonly used in climate-distribution studies, present substantial analytical challenges. Here, we develop a spatial bootstrapping procedure to determine the statistical significance, or otherwise, of latitudinal changes in species' ranges and test this using simulated data and real seabird distribution data in Great Britain from surveys ~ 10 years apart. We demonstrate that the technique is robust in detecting partial range contraction and full range shifts. We also simulate limited sample effort by randomly removing a percentage of the initial data points (randomly, either throughout the entire range or only in specific part of the simulated range), and show that the technique is robust for the removal of up to 50% of data, or, using a spatial pooling of samples, for the removal of 90% of the data. From the seabird data we find significant northward changes in the centre of species' distributions for seven of 21 seabird species (and significant southward shifts for two species). Contraction of southern limits and establishment of more colonies in the northern half of the UK are the main reasons for the northward shifts. Inland occupation of sites (e.g. refuse disposal areas) in more popular southern areas of the country is likely the key reason for southern shifts in two gull species. Overall, the technique is a powerful tool to analyse latitudinal changes in species distribution, such as those that might arise through climate change or changes in habitat, and addresses many of the concerns inherent in detecting range shifts using disparate datasets.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Anne Goodenough
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 13:42
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 06:29
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/3362

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.