High-Intensity Cycling Training

Kavaliauskas, Mykolas and Aspe, Rodrigo R. and Babraj, John (2015) High-Intensity Cycling Training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (8). pp. 2229-2236. ISSN 1064-8011

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Abstract

The work-to-rest ratio during cycling based high-intensity training (HIT) could be important in regulating physiological and performance adaptations. We sought to determine the effectiveness of cycling based HIT with different work-to-rest ratios for long-distance running. 32 long-distance runners (age: 39 +/- 8y; sex: 14M, 18F; average weekly running training volume: 25 miles) underwent baseline testing (3-km time-trial,V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak and time to exhaustion, Wingate test) prior to a 2-week matched-work cycling HIT of 6 x 10 sec sprints with different rest periods (30s (R30), 80s (R80), 120s (R120) or control). 3-km time trial was significantly improved in the R30 group only (3.1 +/- 4.0%, p = 0.04) , whereas time to exhaustion was significantly increased in the two groups with a lower work-to-rest ratio (R30 group 6.4 +/- 6.3%, p = 0.003 vs. R80 group 4.4 +/- 2.7%, p = 0.03 vs. R120 1.9 +/- 5.0%, p = 0.2). However, improvements in average power production were significantly greater with a higher work-to-rest ratio (R30 group 0.3 +/- 4.1%, p = 0.8 vs. R80 group 4.6 +/- 4.2%, p = 0.03 vs. R120 group 5.3 +/- 5.9%, p = 0.02), whereas peak power significantly increased only in the R80 group (8.5 +/- 8.2%, p = 0.04) but not the R30 group (4.3 +/- 6.1%, p = 0.3) or the R120 group (7.1 +/- 7.9%, p = 0.09). Therefore cycling based HIT is an effective way to improve running performance and the type and magnitude of adaptation is dependent on the work-to-rest ratio.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: High-intensity cycling training
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV557 Sports > GV1040 Cycling. Bicycling. Motorcycling
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 16:55
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2017 14:11
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/3066

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