Champ or chump? Challenge and threat states during pressurized competition.

Moore, Lee J and Wilson, Mark and Vine, Samuel and Coussens, Adam and Freeman, Paul (2013) Champ or chump? Challenge and threat states during pressurized competition. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35. pp. 551-562. ISSN 1543-2904

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Abstract

The present research examined the immediate impact of challenge and threat states on golf performance in both real competition and a laboratory-based task. In study 1, one hundred and ninety-nine experienced golfers reported their evaluations of competition demands and personal coping resources before a golf competition. Evaluating the competition as a challenge (i.e., sufficient resources to cope with demands) was associated with superior performance. In study 2, sixty experienced golfers randomly received challenge or threat manipulation instructions and then performed a competitive golf putting task. Challenge and threat states were successfully manipulated and the challenge group outperformed the threat group. Furthermore, the challenge group reported less anxiety, more facilitative interpretations of anxiety, less conscious processing, and displayed longer quiet eye durations. However, these variables failed to mediate the group-performance relationship. These studies demonstrate the importance of considering pre-performance psychophysiological states when examining the influence of competitive pressure on motor performance.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Demand/resource evaluations; emotions; conscious processing; quiet eye; kinematics; muscle activity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Business, Computing and Applied Sciences > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Lee Moore
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2015 14:32
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2016 09:18
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/2878

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