The Influence of Age, Duration of Diabetes, Cataract, and Pupil Size on Image Quality in Digital Photographic Retinal Screening

Scanlon, Peter H and Foy, C. and Malhotra, R. and Aldington, S. J. (2005) The Influence of Age, Duration of Diabetes, Cataract, and Pupil Size on Image Quality in Digital Photographic Retinal Screening. Diabetes Care, 28 (10). pp. 2448-2453. ISSN 0149-5992

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE — The purpose of this study was to determine longitudinal predictors of impaired mobility and physical disability in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — We studied patients with type 2 diabetes who participated in a prospective, community-based study. A wide range of baseline variables were examined to determine whether they predicted future difficulties with 1) mobility and 2) basic activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients free of ADLs difficulty at baseline. To study mobility impairment, subjects with baseline mobility problems were also excluded. RESULTS — After an average 4.6 ± 2.3 and 4.8 ± 2.3 years of follow-up in 818 and 934 patients, respectively, 28.5% of subjects had developed new mobility impairment and 18.1% had developed new ADL disability. In Cox proportional hazards models, the risk of mobility impairment was significantly increased by older age (6%/year), peripheral neuropathy (40% increase), stroke history (123%), insulin treatment (117%), albuminuria, and arthritis (82%); taking exercise and being married lowered the risk (by 39 and 32%, respectively). The risk of new ADL disability was increased by baseline mobility problems (222% increase), stroke (92%), claudication (67%), and depression (41%) and was also influenced by age, smoking, lack of exercise, nonfluency in English, and indigenous Australian ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS — Both mobility impairment and ADL disability in type 2 diabetes have multiple causes that are due to diabetes complications and common comorbidities. The specific causes of each functional problem are largely distinct, and different approaches may be required to prevent their onset or progression.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: Denise Cain-Jones
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2015 10:04
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2015 10:04
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/2665

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