A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation

Loisel, J. and Yu, Z. and Beilman, D. W. and Camill, P. and Alm, J. and Amesbury, M. J. and Anderson, D. and Andersson, S. and Bochicchio, C. and Barber, K. and Belyea, L. R. and Bunbury, J. and Chambers, Frank M and Charman, D. J. and De Vleeschouwer, F. and Fia kiewicz-Kozie, B. and Finkelstein, S. A. and Ga ka, M. and Garneau, M. and Hammarlund, D. and Hinchcliffe, W. and Holmquist, J. and Hughes, P. and Jones, M. C. and Klein, E. S. and Kokfelt, U. and Korhola, A. and Kuhry, P. and Lamarre, A. and Lamentowicz, M. and Large, D. and Lavoie, M. and MacDonald, G. and Magnan, G. and Makila, M. and Mallon, G. and Mathijssen, P. and Mauquoy, D. and McCarroll, Julia and Moore, T. R. and Nichols, J. and O'Reilly, B. and Oksanen, P. and Packalen, M. and Peteet, D. and Richard, P. J. and Robinson, S. and Ronkainen, T. and Rundgren, M. and Sannel, A. B. K. and Tarnocai, C. and Thom, T. and Tuittila, E.-S. and Turetsky, M. and Valiranta, M. and van der Linden, M. and van Geel, B. and van Bellen, S. and Vitt, D. and Zhao, Y. and Zhou, W. (2014) A database and synthesis of northern peatland soil properties and Holocene carbon and nitrogen accumulation. Holocene, 24 (9). pp. 1028-1042. ISSN 0959-6836

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Abstract

Here, we present results from the most comprehensive compilation of Holocene peat soil properties with associated carbon and nitrogen accumulation rates for northern peatlands. Our database consists of 268 peat cores from 215 sites located north of 45°N. It encompasses regions within which peat carbon data have only recently become available, such as the West Siberia Lowlands, the Hudson Bay Lowlands, Kamchatka in Far East Russia, and the Tibetan Plateau. For all northern peatlands, carbon content in organic matter was estimated at 42 ± 3% (standard deviation) for Sphagnum peat, 51 ± 2% for non-Sphagnum peat, and at 49 ± 2% overall. Dry bulk density averaged 0.12 ± 0.07 g/cm3, organic matter bulk density averaged 0.11 ± 0.05 g/cm3, and total carbon content in peat averaged 47 ± 6%. In general, large differences were found between Sphagnum and non-Sphagnum peat types in terms of peat properties. Time-weighted peat carbon accumulation rates averaged 23 ± 2 (standard error of mean) g C/m2/yr during the Holocene on the basis of 151 peat cores from 127 sites, with the highest rates of carbon accumulation (25–28 g C/m2/yr) recorded during the early Holocene when the climate was warmer than the present. Furthermore, we estimate the northern peatland carbon and nitrogen pools at 436 and 10 gigatons, respectively. The database is publicly available at https://peatlands.lehigh.edu.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Additional Information: The peer reviewed version (Sage version 2) can be used for non-commercial purposes only.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogeochemical cycles, climate change, data synthesis, long-term ecosystem dynamics, northern peatlands, soil carbon and nitrogen
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Environmental Dynamics & Governance
Depositing User: Susan Turner
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2015 12:00
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 08:09
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/2504

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