International marketing adaptation versus standardisation of multinational companies

Paliwoda, Stanley J and Vrontis, Demetris and Thrassou, Alkis and Lamprianou, Iasonas (2009) International marketing adaptation versus standardisation of multinational companies. International Marketing Review, 26 (4/5). pp. 477-500. ISSN 0265-1335

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Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to position multinational companies on a linear continuum indicating their overall attitude towards standardisation/adaptation, examines the reasons influencing multinational companies' tactical (7Ps – marketing mix) behaviour towards it, and finally presents the underlying managerial implications of the results. Design/methodology/approach – A rating scale Rasch model is used in order to place the multinational companies' attitude towards standardisation and adaptation on a linear continuum. Structural equation modelling is subsequently used in order to investigate the relationship between the adaptation and standardisation variable against other variables. An extensive literature review is also undertaken to provide the theoretical foundation. Findings – The paper corroborates the findings of past research by placing multinational companies on a linear continuum; by identifying their overall attitude towards adaptation/standardization; and by describing the relationship between AdaptStand and other variables. Furthermore, it categorises the reasons pulling towards adaptation or standardisation into “significant” and “peripheral”; and provides valuable insights towards practical application. Practical implications – The paper provides marketing researchers and practitioners with an overview of the main factors that influence marketing tactical behaviour in international markets. Additionally, the research transcends descriptive analysis to identify vital behavioural issues and to prescribe marketing approaches regarding internationalisation. Originality/value – Though the subject of “adaptation versus standardisation” has been extensively researched, this paper provides original work through in‐depth quantitative analysis of a sufficient sample of multinational companies. The paper reaches specific and explicit conclusions that scientifically test existing theory on the subject, categorise factors according to their significance in the adaptation/standardisation decision process and offer valuable prescriptions of marketing tactics based on the findings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: International marketing, Marketing strategy, Multinational companies, Marketing theory, Standardization
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > Business School > Business and Human Resource Management
Research Priority Areas: Applied Business Research
Depositing User: Anne Pengelly
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 10:31
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 10:31
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/2158

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