The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company

Deighan, Martine A and Doherty, M and Nevill, A. and Wyon, M (2007) The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21 (2). pp. 389-393. ISSN 1064-8011

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Abstract

The cardiorespiratory, anthropometric, and performance characteristics of an international/national touring ballet company. J. Strength Cond. Res. 21(2):389-393. - This study examined the cardiorespiratory and anthropometric indices of professional classical ballet dancers in relation to company seniority, gender, and supplemental training. Forty-nine participants from an international touring company carried out a peak VO2 test and vertical jump test. Anthropometric measurements and supplemental training activities were also recorded for each participant. Statistical analyses showed significant differences between gender and dancer seniority levels. Gender differences were seen for jump height (M = 52.7 +/- 7.12 cm; F = 37.6 +/- 5.32 cm) and peak VO2 (M = 49.32 +/- 3.72 ml center dot kg(-l)center dot min(-1); F = 43.3 +/- 5.16 ml center dot kg(-1) center dot min(-1)). Differences were also seen between dancer levels for peak VO2 (artist = 46.47 +/- 4.67 ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1); first artist = 42.72 +/- 5.81 ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1); soloist = 43.38 +/- 7.14 ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1); principal = 49.04 +/- 3.63 ml center dot kg(-1)center dot min(-1)) and jump height (artist = 42.0 +/- 9.11 cm; first artist = 50.33 +/- 11.65 cm; soloist = 45.6 +/- 9.78 cm; principal = 44.67 +/- 9.53 cm). Pairwise post hoc comparisons showed that corps and principals had significantly greater relative peak VO2 than first artists and soloists (p < 0.05), while soloists and first artists had significantly greater jump heights compared to principals and corps (p < 0.05). Analysis of covariance modeling indicated that the self-reported mode of supplemental training had no association with relative peak VO2 or the percentage at which ventilatory threshold occurred. The present study has provided further insight into the cardiorespiratory profiles of classical ballet dancers, where soloists have significantly greater power capacities compared to principals and corps, who in turn had significantly greater aerobic power. These data can help guide strength and conditioning intervention strategies that need to take into account the nuances of the different seniority levels within a dance company.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aerobic; Anaerobic; Modeling; Power; Dance
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Sport & Exercise > Sport and Exercise
Research Priority Areas: Sport, Exercise, Health & Wellbeing
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2014 11:03
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2016 08:44
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/108

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