Do you see what I see? Exploring differing awareness of the same situation

Edgar, Graham K ORCID: 0000-0003-4302-7169, Catherwood, Dianne F, Baker, Steven ORCID: 0000-0002-3029-8931, Brookes, David, Naughtie, C, Sallis, Geoffrey, Silcock, G, Walker, S, Frampton, Y, Fikke, R C, Geertsema, T, Hazebroek, J, Tonnaer, C, Weewer, R, Figueras Masip, A, Fuste Castella, R, Polikarpus, S, Taukar, M, Kütt, T, Thoelen, F, Vastmans, J, Blom Andersen, N, Bøhm, M, Holm, L and Arendtsen, B (2021) Do you see what I see? Exploring differing awareness of the same situation. In: 8th International Conference on Spatial Cognition: Cognition and Action in a Plurality of Spaces (ICSC 2021), 13th - 17th September 2021, Rome. ISSN 1612-4782

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Abstract

Fundamental limits on the human ability to process all available information in real-world situations necessarily require that some information is filtered out by attentional processes, and so that information is not used to build ‘situation awareness’ (SA). The implication is that two (or more) people in the same situation may not perceive it in the same way, nor make the same decisions as to how to operate. Such differences in perception can become very important in safety critical situations such as the one that we report here—firefighter attendance at a road-traffic collision (RTC). Using a desktop virtual reality simulation of a RTC, we examined firefighters’ awareness of their situation (SA)—and also their understanding of what aspects of that situation are relevant to the successful completion of their task (situation understanding, SU). Our data, collected from 685 firefighters, suggest that the firefighters showed pronounced individual differences in the amount of information they accepted when building SA, but that they were almost universally predisposed to believe that information was relevant to their task (even though it may not have been). Non-firefighters, when compared with firefighters were generally more likely to accept a wider range of information spatially distributed across the RTC situation, but less likely to believe it to be relevant. The implication of our data is that individuals in the same situation may perceive that situation in different ways due to the way they handle the available information—and that training and experience affect that perception.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Psychological Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Health, Life Sciences, Sport and Wellbeing
Depositing User: Rhiannon Goodland
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 11:34
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 09:14
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/10193

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