Identification of heparin modifications and polysaccharide inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion that have potential for novel drug development

Boyle, Michelle J, Skidmore, Mark A., Dickerman, Benjamin, Cooper, Lynsay C ORCID: 0000-0002-5100-5261, Devlin, Anthony J., Yates, Edwin A., Horrocks, Paul, Freeman, Craig, Chai, Wengang and Beeson, James G (2017) Identification of heparin modifications and polysaccharide inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion that have potential for novel drug development. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 61 (11). doi:10.1128/AAC.00709-17

[img]
Preview
Text (Peer-reviewed version)
10071-Cooper-(2017)-Identification-of-heparin-modifications-and-polysaccharide-inhibitors.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License All Rights Reserved.

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Despite recent successful control efforts, malaria remains a leading global health burden. Alarmingly, resistance to current antimalarials is increasing and the development of new drug families is needed to maintain malaria control. Current antimalarials target the intraerythrocytic developmental stage of the Plasmodium falciparum life cycle. However, the invasive extracellular parasite form, the merozoite, is also an attractive target for drug development. We have previously demonstrated that heparin-like molecules, including those with low molecular weights and low anticoagulant activities, are potent and specific inhibitors of merozoite invasion and blood-stage replication. Here we tested a large panel of heparin-like molecules and sulfated polysaccharides together with various modified chemical forms for their inhibitory activity against P. falciparum merozoite invasion. We identified chemical modifications that improve inhibitory activity and identified several additional sulfated polysaccharides with strong inhibitory activity. These studies have important implications for the further development of heparin-like molecules as antimalarial drugs and for understanding merozoite invasion.

Item Type: Article
Article Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Schools and Research Institutes > School of Natural & Social Sciences > Environmental Sciences
Research Priority Areas: Place, Environment and Community
Depositing User: Lynsay Cooper
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2021 11:37
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2021 11:37
URI: http://eprints.glos.ac.uk/id/eprint/10071

University Staff: Request a correction | Repository Editors: Update this record

University Of Gloucestershire

Bookmark and Share

Find Us On Social Media:

Social Media Icons Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Pinterest Linkedin

Other University Web Sites

University of Gloucestershire, The Park, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL50 2RH. Telephone +44 (0)844 8010001.